GOV 336M: Authorities and National politics of Russian federation
Review Sheet for the Second Multiple Decision Exam
1 . What is politics culture and just how does it affect political results? Compare and contrast the perspectives on Russian politics culture and democratization simply by Pipes, Colton/McFaul and Rose/coauthors, Treisman, and Fish.
What is Political Tradition?
Political Culture -- " a householder's predominant philosophy, attitudes, ideals, ideals, comments, and reviews about the political approach to their region and the position of the self in that system. ”
How exactly does Culture Influence Politics?
4 Competing Quarrels on Russian Political Traditions and Community Opinion 1. Russia has an undemocratic lifestyle (Pipes)
Piping -- Exactly how are Russians Undemocratic?
A. Russians Hold Undemocratic Attitudes
5. Lack Countrywide Identity & Interpersonal Trust * Distrust Democracy since Tool of Rich/Powerful * Prefer Purchase over Liberty
* Inhospitable Toward industry and Private Property * International Paranoia
B. Source of Russian undemocratic attitudes
5. History and Geography
* Musical legacy of Typical Collective �
* Russian Orthodox Church – Caesaropapism * Soviet Paternalism
installment payments on your Russians hold some democratic beliefs (Colton/McFaul, Rose) A. Russian Support for the Idea of Democracy
* " Democracy is definitely not a soiled word in Russia” * Do Russians see a trade-off between democracy and buy? B. Rejection of Democracy as Practiced in COMPUTER Russia * Russia can be Not Seen as a Democracy * Russian Pseudo-Democracy can be Not Backed C. Support for Democracy Depends on Social/Econ. Status * Generational Result
* Economical Effect
5. Ideological Result
3. Tradition does not matter (Fish)
A. Russians' Undemocratic Beliefs Not Uncommon
M. Democracy In spite of Low Democratic Values in Other Postcommunist States
4. Open public opinion can be shaped by performance and shapes Russian politics (Treisman) A. Gorbachev and growing nationalism
" In 1987-1988, Gorbachev could carry the country with him as he singlehandedly chose to loosen the reins in Eastern The european union, begin speedy nuclear disarmament, and undercut the party's authority. Simply by 1991, he previously a hard time getting the leaders of the republics for taking his phone calls. ” B. Yeltsin – 1991 vs . the rest of his period
" In late 1991…Yeltsin could get a parliament of moderate communists to say yes to the knell of the Soviet Union, accept his plan for radical economic reform, and authorize him to rule by decree… By mid-1992… fickle deputies attacked him on exactly the policies they'd earlier authorized. ” C. Putin's stable support supposed stable prominence
" … opposition vaporized as Putin's ratings raised in late 99. Suddenly, the parliament was loyal, the governors bright, and the populace quiescent. ”
2 . How does Piping characterize Russian political traditions? What are a couple of the undemocratic attitudes that Pipes attributes to Russians? What are some of the causes of Russia's authoritarian politics culture based on the " conventional wisdom”? Pipes characterizes Russia's political culture as one that is certainly undemocratic and leans toward authoritarianism. Some of the undemocratic attitudes that Pipes attributes to Russians include apolitical and asocial tendencies, the opinion that democracy is a fraud (a façade for a government handled by wealthy and effective cliques), a preference intended for law and order more than freedom, bad notions of civil legal rights and private property rights, deficiency of confidence in the political system, and not enough trust in the judicial program. The triggers, according to conventional perception are; Russia's agricultural previous, the musical legacy of serfdom, the remoteness of...