Social Supervision Social Wellbeing
Introduction to Social Administration
Topic: 3 - Discuss the expansion and change of people's principles and attitude towards social welfare in Hong Kong culture Tutorial time slot: Tues 1600-1700
According to Midgley (1997) (as mentioned in Wong, Chow & Wong, 2001), from a narrow point of view, social well being is defined as the social helps that the federal government or the charitable organization organizations give to those poor and needy. It is also thought to be the wellbeing that people are enjoying in the society by a wider angle. In Hong Kong, It truly is obvious the fact that role of Hong Kong govt has changed from passivity to active engagement. In the initially two decades after the Second World War, the key objective in the government was to secure the poor a basic living standard. As 1967, the mindset has evolved. The government offers actively involved with safeguarding the welfare of Hong Kong people. This is apparent not only in the growing welfare budget as well as the increased amount of services supplied, but also in the variation of applications in operation. Interpersonal welfare provides gradually considered to be one of the important institutions within our society. To be able to investigate the expansion and change of people's principles and behaviour towards sociable welfare inside the Hong Kong culture, three major traditional values and behaviour would 1st be introduced. Afterwards, 4 major within values and attitudes can be discussed. Furthermore, despite the revolutionary changes in the welfare scenario, some traditional ideals and perceptions are still frequently upheld among Hong Kong China. Few record survey benefits, together with further analysis, were used to support the arguments discussed.
b) Traditional values and behaviour towards sociable welfare
The federal government has no responsibilities in providing social providers
Typically, the Oriental people believe the government is not required in providing them with any kind of social welfare. In the words of 3rd there’s r. Plant, L. Lesser and P. Capital t. Gooby(1980), they presume that " people have simply no moral directly to what they get because zero individual person can have a directly to another person's charitable trust. вЂќ Basically, Hong Kong Chinese language traditionally regarded as social well being as a comfort to meet urgent needs, but is not as a right. Recommended by Lau (1988), the principal moral basis for the introduction of this attitude is the lack of the " individualismвЂќ concept among classic Chinese people. In simple terms, individualism is the great view of human nature and is based upon two fundamental principles: the value of every individuals and the opinion of equivalent rights for all those. Everyone has a unique identity. As the comprehensive well being system is developed upon individualism in the West, the idea of individualism was weak amongst traditional Chinese people.
Reliance on friends and family support
While Hong Kong Chinese persons think that the federal government has no commitments in fulfilling their basic needs, someones basic demands were generally satisfied into their own people. In case of having issues which were further than the control and functions of their households, they tend to get help using their clans, neighbors or villagers. Lau (1982) used the idea of " utilitarianstic familismвЂќ to spell out the reliability on friends and family support of Chinese persons in Hong Kong. According to Lau, Utilitarianistic familism means вЂthe normative and behavioral tendency of the individual to place his familial interests over a interests of society associated with other persons and organizations, and to structure his interactions with other persons and groups in such a way that the promotion of his familial hobbies is the overriding concern (Lau, 1982). Because every member in the familial groups considered the interest of the family was prior to other interests, family members tended to find help coming from or offer help to each other rather than outsiders...